Jennifer Lawrence - Biography

Jennifer Shrader Lawrence is an actress from the United States. Lawrence was the highest-paid actress in the world in 2015 and 2016, with her films earning more than $6 billion globally to date. She was named to Time's list of the 100 most important people in the world in 2013 and to Forbes' Celebrity 100 list from 2013 to 2016.

Lawrence appeared in church plays and school musicals as a youngster. She was discovered by a talent scout while on vacation in New York City with her family when she was fourteen years old. She subsequently relocated to Los Angeles and started her her career as a television guest star. Her first big appearance was as the titular character's eldest daughter on the comedy The Bill Engvall Show (2007–2009).

Lawrence made her cinematic debut in a supporting part in the drama Garden Party (2008), and her breakout performance was as a poor-stricken adolescent girl named Ree Dolly in the coming-of-age indie mystery thriller Winter's Bone (2010). Her career progressed when she starred as the mutant Mystique in the X-Men film series (2011–2019) and Katniss Everdeen in The Hunger Games film series (2012–2015). The latter cemented her position as the highest-grossing action heroine of all time.

Lawrence is an ardent feminist and Planned Parenthood supporter. In 2015, she established the Jennifer Lawrence Foundation to support the Boys & Girls Clubs of America and the Special Olympics. In 2018, she founded the production firm Excellent Cadaver.

Family

Jennifer Shrader Lawrence is a well-known American actress. Lawrence was the world's highest-paid actress in 2015 and 2016, with her films grossing more than $6 billion worldwide to date. She was selected to Time's list of the world's 100 most influential people in 2013 and to Forbes' Celebrity 100 list from 2013 to 2016.

As a child, Lawrence performed in church plays and school musicals. When she was fourteen years old, she was spotted by a talent scout while on vacation with her family in New York City. She then moved to Los Angeles and began her career as a television guest star. Her breakthrough role was as the eponymous character's oldest daughter on The Bill Engvall Show (2007–2009).

Lawrence made her film debut in the drama Garden Party (2008) as a supporting character, and her breakthrough performance was as a poor-stricken teenage girl called Ree Dolly in the coming-of-age indie mystery thriller Winter's Bone (2010). Her career advanced when she portrayed mutant Mystique in the X-Men film series (2011–2019) and Katniss Everdeen in The Hunger Games film series (2012–2015). The latter firmly established her as the highest-grossing action heroine of all time.

Lawrence is a staunch supporter of Planned Parenthood. She founded the Jennifer Lawrence Foundation in 2015 to benefit the Boys & Girls Clubs of America and the Special Olympics. Excellent Cadaver, her production company, was established in 2018.

Jennifer's family
Education

Lawrence was fourteen years old and on a family trip in New York City when a talent scout saw her on the street and arranged for her to audition for talent agencies. Karen was opposed to her daughter pursuing an acting profession, but she temporarily relocated her family to New York to enable her to audition for parts. The agents told Lawrence's mother that her initial cold reading was the greatest they had heard from someone her age; Lawrence's mother persuaded her that they were lying.

Lawrence described her early experiences as tough since she felt lonely and without friends. She joined with the CESD Talent Agency, which persuaded her parents to allow her to audition for jobs in Los Angeles. Her mother urged her to pursue modelling, but she insisted on performing. She believed acting to be a natural match for her skills at the time, and she turned down numerous modelling jobs.

She dropped out of school at the age of 14 and never received a GED or a diploma. She has said that she was 'self-educated' and that her job was her number one focus. In between her acting gigs in the city, she returned to Louisville on a regular basis to work as an assistant nurse at her mother's camp.

Lawrence at an event
Career

Lawrence's acting career started with a small part in the TV pilot Company Town (2006), which never aired and was never sold. She went on to appear as a guest star in numerous television series, including Monk (2006) and Medium (2007). Her first series regular role was Lauren, the rebellious teenage daughter of a family living in suburban Louisville, Colorado, on the TBS comedy The Bill Engvall Show. The show debuted in 2007 and lasted three seasons.

According to Tom Shales of The Washington Post, she was a scene stealer in her role, while David Hinckley of the New York Daily News said she was effective in 'delivering the constant irritation of adolescent females.' In 2009, Lawrence received a Young Artist Award for Outstanding Young Performer in a TV Series for the role.

Lawrence's breakout performance was in Debra Granik's indie drama Winter's Bone (2010), which was based on Daniel Woodrell's book of the same name. In the film, she played 17-year-old Ree Dolly, a poor adolescent girl in the Ozark Mountains who looks for her mentally ill mother and younger siblings while looking for her absent father.

She went to the Ozarks a week before shooting started to live with the family based on the tale, and she trained to fight, skin squirrels, and cut wood in preparation for the part. The New Yorker's David Denby said that the film 'would be unthinkable with anybody less captivating,' while Rolling Stone's Peter Travers stated that 'her performance is more than acting; it's a building storm.' Lawrence's eyes reveal what's pulling Ree apart.' The film was awarded the Grand Jury Prize at the Sundance Film Festival.

The actress received her first nominations for the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Motion Picture – Drama and Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Leading Role, as well as the Academy Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role, making her the second-youngest Best Actress winner.

Lawrence appeared as a supporting actor in Like Crazy, a romantic drama about long-distance relationships starring Anton Yelchin and Felicity Jones, in 2011. The Los Angeles Times' Kenneth Turan called the film a 'intensely constructed and tremendously gratifying love tale,' and he praised all three actors for 'making their longing tangible.' She then starred with Yelchin in Jodie Foster's dark comedy The Beaver, along with Foster and Mel Gibson.

The film, which was shot in 2009, was delayed owing to the Gibson issue and grossed less than half of its $21 million budget. Lawrence sought a lighter part after her sombre performance in Winter's Bone, and she got it in her first high-profile movie, Matthew Vaughn's superhero picture X-Men: First Class (2011), a precursor to the X-Men film series. She played the shapeshifting mutant Mystique, a character previously performed by Rebecca Romijn. X-Men: First Class became Lawrence's highest-grossing picture at the time, collecting $350 million worldwide.

Later same year, in David O. Russell's romantic comedy-drama Silver Linings Playbook, Lawrence as Tiffany Maxwell, a young widow with an unknown mental illness (most likely borderline personality disorder). The film is based on Matthew Quick's book of the same name, and it follows her character as she seeks companionship with Pat Solitano Jr. (played by Bradley Cooper), a man suffering from bipolar illness. 'She was just sort of this fascinating mystery to me because she didn't really match any fundamental type of character description,' Lawrence said of her character's complicated nature.

Someone who is assertive and obstinate is usually insecure, but she isn't.' Russell originally thought she was too young for the role, but she persuaded him to cast her via a Skype audition. Russell's spontaneity as a filmmaker pushed her, and she characterised working on the movie as the 'greatest experience of her life.' 'Just 21 when the film was filmed, Lawrence is that rare young actress who plays, who is, grown-up,' Time magazine's Richard Corliss said. Sullen and sultry, she brings maturity and intellect to every job.'

Lawrence, according to Peter Travers, 'is some sort of miracle.' She can be nasty, filthy, hilarious, foulmouthed, sloppy, sensual, lively, and vulnerable all at the same time, even in the same scene.' She received the Golden Globe, Screen Actors Guild Award, and Academy Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role for her performance, making her the second-youngest Best Actress winner at the age of 22. Her last picture of the year was House at the End of the Street, in which she co-starred with Max Thieriot and Elisabeth Shue.

Lawrence hosted an episode of the NBC late-night sketch comedy Saturday Night Live in January 2013. Her first release of 2013 was The Devil You Know, a small-scale project she had shot for in 2005. She then played Katniss Everdeen again in The Hunger Games: Catching Fire, the second chapter in the Hunger Games trilogy. Lawrence suffered from an ear infection while doing the film's underwater stunts, resulting in a temporary loss of hearing.

Stephanie Zacharek of The Village Voice said that Lawrence's depiction of Katniss Everdeen makes her an excellent role model, saying that 'there's no sanctimony or pretence of fake humility in the way Lawrence portrays her.' Catching Fire is her highest-grossing picture to date, collecting $865 million at the box office. Lawrence appeared as Rosalyn Rosenfeld, the neurotic wife of con artist Irving Rosenfeld, in David O. Russell's ensemble dark comedic crime American Hustle the same year (played by Christian Bale).

The film is set against the background of political corruption in 1970s New Jersey, and is inspired on the FBI's Abscam sting operation. She conducted minimal study for the part and relied her portrayal on her understanding of the time period from films and television programmes she had seen. The Independent's Geoffrey Macnab called Lawrence's performance 'excellent,' 'funny,' and 'acerbic,' praising an improvised sequence in which she forcefully kisses her husband's mistress (played by Amy Adams) on the lips.

She earned the Golden Globe and BAFTA Award for Best Supporting Actress for her performance, as well as her third Screen Actors Guild Award and Academy Award nominations, her first in the supporting category. As a result, she became the youngest actress to get three Oscar nominations.

Lawrence portrayed Serena Pemberton in Susanne Bier's depression-era drama Serena (2014), which was based on Ron Rash's book of the same name. After discovering they are unable to have children, she and her husband George (played by Bradley Cooper) get engaged in illegal activities. The film was shot in 2012 and released in 2014 to mixed reviews. Lawrence subsequently played Mystique again in X-Men: Days of Future Past, which functioned as a prequel to both X-Men: The Last Stand (2006) and X-Men: First Class (2008).

The film garnered favourable reviews and earned $748.1 million worldwide, making it the highest-grossing picture in the X-Men franchise to that time. Variety's Justin Chang complimented her appearance in the film but felt she had nothing to do other than 'glower, growl, and let the f/x artists do their thing.' Lawrence's next two films were the last parts of The Hunger Games film trilogy, Mockingjay – Part 1 (2014) and Part 2 (2015). (2015). She recorded the song 'The Hanging Tree' for the former film's soundtrack, which peaked on several international singles charts.

In her review of the series' final instalment, Manohla Dargis of The New York Times drew parallels between Everdeen's journey as a rebel leader and Lawrence's rise to stardom, stating that the actress 'now inhabits the role as effortlessly as breathing, partly because, like all great stars, she seems to be playing a version of her'real' self.' Both movie earned more than $650 million globally.

Lawrence started 2016 by narrating A Beautiful Planet, a documentary video about Earth from the International Space Station. In X-Men: Apocalypse, she reprised her role as Mystique for the third time (2016). Despite this, she received the People's Choice Award for Favorite Movie Actress at the 43rd People's Choice Awards. Lawrence earned top billing above co-star Chris Pratt in the science fiction romance Passengers (2016), for which she was paid $20 million.

Lawrence's only release in 2017 was Darren Aronofsky's psychological horror thriller mother! She portrayed a young wife who is traumatised when her house is invaded by unexpected visitors. Despite her aversion to rehearsals in prior roles, Lawrence spent three months rehearsing the film in a Brooklyn warehouse. The demanding job became too much for her; she was placed on supplementary oxygen after hyperventilating and dislocating a rib one day. The film Mother! divided spectators and sparked huge walkouts.

Critics liked it more; Walter Addiego of the San Francisco Chronicle called it 'assaultive' and a 'deliberate test of audience endurance,' and praised Lawrence for 'never allowing herself to be reduced merely to a screaming victim.'

Lawrence will next produce and appear in A24's indie drama Red, White, and Water, directed by Lila Neugebauer. She will co-star with Leonardo DiCaprio and Timothée Chalamet in Adam McKay's Netflix comedy film Don't Look Up, and will play mafia informant Arlyne Brickman and Hollywood talent agent Sue Mengers in Paolo Sorrentino's film adaptations of Teresa Carpenter's book Mob Girl and an untitled biopic, respectively. Lawrence will also act in and produce Luca Guadagnino's film version of the book Burial Rites, which is about the last woman hanged in Iceland for murder.

Lawrence in a movie
Reputation

Lawrence's off-screen demeanour was characterised as 'down-to-earth, self-deprecating, and unaffected' by the review website IndieWire in 2012. Despite her great success, an IGN writer describes her as a 'sharp,' 'funny,' and 'quirky' actress who prefers to 'remain grounded.' Lawrence has said that she considers acting 'dumb' in contrast to life-saving professions such as physicians, and therefore does not believe in being 'cocky' about her achievements.

Lawrence's career has progressed to make her one of the world's highest-paid actresses, with The Daily Telegraph reporting in 2014 that she was making $10 million each picture. In 2013, Time magazine named her one of the world's 100 most important people, Elle called her the most powerful woman in entertainment, and Forbes named her the second most powerful actress, behind only Angelina Jolie. Forbes ranked her the world's second-highest-paid actress in 2014, with $34 million in earnings, and identified her as the most powerful actress, placing at number 12 on the magazine's Celebrity 100 list; she featured on the list again in 2015 and 2016.

Lawrence was awarded 'Entertainer of the Year' by Entertainment Weekly in 2015, a distinction she previously received in 2012, and she was dubbed the highest-grossing action heroine in Guinness World Records for her role in the Hunger Games series. Forbes named her the world's highest-paid actress in 2015 and 2016, with yearly earnings of $52 million and $46 million, respectively. In the following two years, she will be the world's third and fourth highest-paid actress, with earnings of $24 million and $18 million, according to the magazine.

From 2016 through 2018, The Hollywood Reporter named Lawrence one of the 100 most influential individuals in industry every year. Her films have made over $6 billion globally as of 2019.Lawrence was named the 'Sexiest Up-and-Coming Bombshell' by Victoria's Secret in 2011, People's Most Beautiful People in 2011 and 2013, Maxim's Hot 100 from 2011 to 2014, and FHM's 100 Sexiest Women in 2014. She was included on Glamour's annual list of the best dressed women from 2013 through 2015, topping the list in 2014.

Lawrence became a celebrity ambassador for Dior during Raf Simons' time as creative director, starring in advertisements for the brand's apparel and fragrances. She often dresses in Dior for red carpet occasions such as film premieres and award ceremonies. On her wedding day, she also donned a bespoke Dior bridal gown.

Lawrence's off-screen
Philanthropy

Lawrence identifies as a feminist, a term she believes should not be used to frighten others 'because it just implies equality.' She has advocated for women's body positivity. Lawrence published an article for Lenny Letter in 2015 in which she attacked the gender pay disparity in Hollywood, citing her personal experiences in the business, such as receiving less compensation for her work on American Hustle than her male co-stars. In a 2015 interview with Vogue, she chastised Kentucky county clerk Kim Davis for her anti-same-sex marriage stance.

Lawrence was raised a Republican and supported John McCain in the 2008 presidential election, but has subsequently criticised the party. She was a vocal opponent of Donald Trump's administration, declaring in 2015 that his victory would be 'the end of the world.' In the 2020 presidential race, she supported Joe Biden.

Lawrence became a member of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences in 2011. She has contributed to a number of charity organisations, including the World Food Programme, Feeding America, and the Thirst Project. Lawrence, along with The Hunger Games co-stars Josh Hutcherson and Liam Hemsworth, collaborated with the United Nations to raise awareness about poverty and hunger. She arranged an early showing of The Hunger Games: Catching Fire (2013) to support Saint Mary's Center, a Louisville-based disability charity, and collected more than $40,000 for the cause.

She collaborated with the charity broadcast network Chideo to show her film Serena in order to generate money for the 2015 Special Olympics World Summer Games (2014). She also worked with Omaze to organise a fundraising competition for the games in conjunction with the premiere of The Hunger Games: Mockingjay – Part 1. (2014).

Lawrence collaborated with Hutcherson and Hemsworth in 2015 for Prank It FWD, a charity effort to benefit the nonprofit organisation DoSomething. That same year, she established the Jennifer Lawrence Foundation to benefit organisations such as the Boys & Girls Clubs of America and the Special Olympics. She gave $2 million to the Kosair Children's Hospital in Louisville in 2016 to establish a cardiac critical care unit named after her foundation. Lawrence is on the board of RepresentUs, a non-profit that works to enact anti-corruption legislation in the United States.

In 2018, she co-founded the Time's Up movement with 300 Hollywood women to defend women from harassment and discrimination. She marched in the Los Angeles Women's March in 2018. Lawrence came out in favour of maintaining ranked-choice voting in Maine in 2018.

Lawrence posting a pose
Awards

Lawrence's work in Silver Linings Playbook earned her an Academy Award for Best Actress (2012). She earned three Golden Globe Awards, including Best Actress – Comedy or Musical for Silver Linings Playbook (2012) and Joy (2015), as well as Best Supporting Actress for American Hustle (2013). For American Hustle, she also received a BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role. Seven MTV Movie Awards (five for The Hunger Games franchise, two for Silver Linings Playbook), six People's Choice Awards (three for The Hunger Games, three for the X-Men franchise), a Satellite Award for Silver Linings Playbook, and a Saturn Award for The Hunger Games are among her other achievements.

Lawrence with her award